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Publications     -     click or the title for pdf of an article or open-access webpage    -     Copyright Notice

2024 and in press

Paller, K.A. (2024). Recurring memory reactivation: The offline component of learning. Neuropsychologia, 196, 108840.

Tal, A., Schechtman, E., Caughran, B., Paller, K.A.,   Davachi, L. (2024). The reach of reactivation: Effects of consciously triggered versus unconsciously triggered reactivation of associative memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 121, e2313604121.

Sandell, C., Stumbrys, T., Paller, K.A., & Mallett, R. (2024). Intentionally awakening from sleep through lucid dreaming. Current Psychology.

Schechtman, E., Stickgold, R., & Paller, K.A. (2024). Sleep and memory. In M.J. Kahana and A.D. Wagner (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Human Memory, Volume 1: Foundations, Oxford University Press. - Full Table of Contents

Wolk, N., Morris, D., Nahas, Y, Konkoly, K.R., Carr, M., Paller, K.A.,   Mallett, R. (2024). Lucid dreams from reactivating mindfulness during REM sleep. International Journal of Dream Research, in press.


Xia, T., Yao, Z., Guo, X., Liu, J., Chen, D., Liu, Q., Paller, K.A., & Hu, X. (2023). Updating memories of unwanted emotions during human sleep. Current Biology, 33, 309-320.

Xia, T., Antony, J.W., Paller, K.A., & Hu, X. (2023). Targeted memory reactivation during sleep influences social bias as a function of slow-oscillation phase and delta power. Psychophysiology, 60, e14224.

Whitmore, N.W., & Paller, K.A. (2023). Sleep disruption selectively weakens reactivated memories. Learning & Memory, 30, 63-69.

Schechtman, E., Heilberg, J., & Paller, K.A. (2023). Context matters: Changes in memory over a period of sleep are driven by encoding context. Learning & Memory, 30, 36-42.

Schechtman, E., Heilberg, J., & Paller, K.A. (2023). Memory consolidation during sleep involves context reinstatement in humans. Cell Reports, 42, 112331. AKA: Made together, replayed together

Picard-Deland, C., Konkoly, K., Raider, R., Paller, K.A., Nielsen, T., Pigeon, W.R., & Carr, M. (2023). The memory sources of dreams: A serial awakenings study across sleep stages and time of night. Sleep, 46, zsac292.

Mallett, R., Jameson, J.T., Paller, K.A., Markwald, R.R., & Russell, D.W. (2023). Clinical nightmare frequency and its association with reduced physical health during military operations. Sleep, 46, zsad214.

Bradlow, A.R., Bassard, A.M., & Paller, K.A. (2023). Generalized perceptual adaptation to second-language (L2) speech: Variability, similarity, and intelligibility. Journal of the Acoustical Society of American, 154, 1601-1613.


Whitmore, N.W., Bassard, A.M., & Paller, K.A. (2022). Targeted memory reactivation of face-name learning depends on ample and undisturbed slow-wave sleep. npj Science of Learning, 7, 1. DOI: 10.1038/s41539-021-00119-2

Whitmore, N.W., Harris, J.C., Kovach, T., & Paller, K.A. (2022). Improving memory via automated targeted memory reactivation during sleep. Journal of Sleep Research, 31:e13731.

Mallett,, R., Sowin,, L., Raider,, R., Konkoly, K.R., & Paller, K.A. (2022). Benefits and concerns of seeking and experiencing lucid dreams: Benefits are tied to successful induction and dream control. Sleep Advances, 3:zpac027.

Creery, J.D., Brang, D.J., Arndt, J.D., Bassard, A., Towle, V.L., Tao, J., Wu, S., Rose, S., Warnke, P., Issa, N. & Paller, K.A. (2022). Memory reactivation during slow-wave sleep elicits electrophysiological activity in the human hippocampus to support memory consolidation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 119: e2123430119.

Yang, H., Paller, K.A., & van Vugt, M. (2022). Can steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs) track mind-wandering? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 16: 892863.


Paller, K.A., Creery, J.D., & Schechtman, E. (2021). Memory and sleep: How sleep changes the waking mind for the better.
Annual Review of Psychology, 72, 123-150.

Cheng, L.Y., Che, T., Tomic, G., Slutzky, M.W., & Paller, K.A. (2021). Memory reactivation during sleep improves execution of a challenging motor skill. Journal of Neuroscience, 41, 9608-9616.

Konkoly, K.R.*, Appel, K.*, Chabani, E.*, Mangiaruga, A.*, Gott, J., Mallett, R., Caughran, B., Witkowski, S., Whitmore, N.W., Mazurek, C.Y., Berent, J.B., Weber, F., Tuerker, B., Leu-Semenescu, S., Maranci, J.-B., Pipa, G., Arnulf, I., Oudiette, D., Dresler, M., & Paller, K.A. (2021). Real-time dialogue between experimenters and dreamers during REM sleep. Current Biology, 31, 1417-1427.
* Co-first-authors
  **Commentary: Baird, B., LaBerge, S., & Tononi, G. (2021). Two-way communication in lucid REM sleep dreaming. TICS, 2170,.
  **Commentary: Stickgold, R., & Zadra, A. (2021). Sleep: Opening a portal to the dreaming brain. Current Biology, 31, R352-R353.

Kopelman, M.D., Mayes, A.R., & Paller, K.A. (2021). Tribute to Art Shimamura. Cortex, 135, A1-A2.

Lucas, H.D., Sanchez, D., Creery, J.D., Hu, X., & Paller, K.A. (2021). Changing hearts and minds to grow compassion: Syndrome C. In I. Fried, A. Berthoz, & G. Mirdal (Eds.), The Brains that Pull the Triggers: Syndrome E (pp. 435-463). New York: Odile Jacob Publishers.

Moser, J., Batterink, L., Hegner, Y.L. Schleger, F., Braun, C., Paller, K.A., & Preissl, H. (2021). Dynamics of nonlinguistic statistical learning: From neural entrainment to the emergence of explicit knowledge. NeuroImage, 240, 118378

Schechtman, E., Antony. J.W., Lampe, A., Wilson, B., Norman, K.A., & Paller, K.A. (2021). Multiple memories can be simultaneously reactivated during sleep as effectively as a single memory. Communications Biology, 4, 25.

Schechtman, E., Lampe, A., Wilson, B.J., Kwon, E., Anderson, M.C., & Paller, K.A. (2021). Sleep reactivation did not boost suppression-induced forgetting. Scientific Reports, 11, 1383.

Witkowski, S., Noh, S., Lee, V., Grimaldi, D., Preston, A.R., & Paller, K.A. (2021). Does memory reactivation during sleep affect specificity and generalization? Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 182, 107442.


Paller, K.A., Mayes, A.R., Antony, J.W., & Norman, K.A. (2020). Replay-based consolidation governs enduring memory storage.
In: The Cognitive Neurosciences, 6th Edition (pp. 263-274), D. Peoppel, G.R. Mangun, & M.S. Gazzaniga (Eds.), MIT Press.

Hu, X., Cheng, L., Chiu, M.H., & Paller, K.A. (2020). Promoting memory consolidation during sleep: A meta-analysis of targeted memory reactivation. Psychological Bulletin, 146, 218-244.

Witkowski, S., Schechtman, E., & Paller, K.A. (2020). Examining sleep's role in memory generalization and specificity through the lens of targeted memory reactivation. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 33, 86-91.

Schechtman, E., Witkowski, S., Lampe, A., Wilson, B.J., & Paller, K.A. (2020). Targeted memory reactivation during sleep boosts intentional forgetting. Scientific Reports, 10, 2327.

Mashal, N.M., Beaudreau, S.A., Hernandez, M., Duller, R.C., Romaniak, H., Shin, K., Paller, K.A., & Zinbarg, R.E. (2020). A brief worry reappraisal paradigm increases coping with worries. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 44, 216-228.

Choi, D.*, Batterink, L.J.*, Black, A.K., Paller, K.A., & Werker, J.F. (2020). Prelingual infants discover statistical word patterns at similar rates as adults: evidence from neural entrainment. Psychological Science, 31, 1161-1173.


Batterink, L.J., & Paller, K.A. (2019). Statistical learning of speech regularities can occur outside of focused attention. Cortex, 115, 56-71.

Batterink, L.J., Paller, K.A., & Reber, P.J. (2019). Understanding the neural bases of implicit and statistical learning. Topics in Cognitive Science, 11, 482-503.

Cohen, M.S., Cheng, L., Paller, K.A., & Reber, P.J. (2019). Separate memory-enhancing effects of reward and strategic encoding. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 31, 1658-1673.

Grimaldi, D., Papalambros, N., Reid, K., Abbott, S., Malkani, R., Gendy, M., Iwanaszko, M., Braun, R., Sanchez, D., Paller, K.A., & Zee, P.C. (2019). Strengthening sleep-autonomic interaction via acoustic enhancement of slow oscillations. Sleep, 42, zsz036.

Lucas, H.D., Creery, J.D., Hu, X., & Paller, K.A. (2019). Grappling with implicit social bias: A perspective from memory research. Neuroscience, 406, Forefront Review, 684-697.

Papalambros, N.A., Weintraub, S., Chen, T., Grimaldi, D., Paller, K.A., Zee, P.C., & Malkani, R.G. (2019). Acoustic enhancement of sleep slow oscillations in Mild Cognitive Impairment. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, 6, 1191-1201.

Sanders, K.E.G., Osburn, S., Paller, K.A., & Beeman, M. (2019). Targeted memory reactivation during sleep improves next-day problem solving. Psychological Science, 30, 1616-1624.

Vargas, I.M., Schechtman, E. & Paller, K.A. (2019). Targeted memory reactivation during sleep to strengthen memory for arbitrary pairings. Neuropsychologia, 124, 144-150.

Wang, B.*, Antony, J.W.*, Lurie, S., Pacheco, P., Paller, K.A., & Norman, K.A. (2019). Targeted memory reactivation during sleep elicits neural signals related to learning content. Journal of Neuroscience, 39, 6728-6736.


Paller, K.A., & Oudiette, D. (2018). Sleep learning gets real: Experimental techniques demonstrate how to strengthen memories when our brains are off-line. Scientific American, 319, 26-31. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1118-26 - Available upon request. link   pdf version

Paller, K.A. (2018). Do house-elves clean your brain while you sleep? Frontiers for Young Minds 6:23. doi: 10.3389/frym.2018.00023 Ukrainian translation   Estonian translation

Antony, J.W., Cheng, L.Y., Brooks, P., Paller, K.A., & Norman, K.A. (2018). Competitive learning modulates memory consolidation during sleep. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 155, 216-230.

Antony, J.W., & Paller, K.A. (2018). Retrieval and sleep both counteract the forgetting of spatial information. Learning & Memory, 25, 258-263.

Antony, J.W., Piloto, L.R., Wang, M., Pacheco, P, Norman, K.A., & Paller, K.A. (2018). Sleep spindle refractoriness segregates periods of memory reactivation. Current Biology, 28, 1736-1743.
*Commentary on this article: Schönauer, M. (2018). Sleep spindles: Timed for memory consolidation. Current Biology, 28, R656-R658.

Berkers, R.M.W.J., Ekman, M., van Dongen, E.V., Takashima, A., Paller, K.A., & Fernandez, G. (2018). Cued reactivation during slow-wave sleep induces connectivity changes related to memory stabilization. Scientific Reports, 8, 16958.

Cairney, S.A., Lindsay, S., Paller, K.A., & Gaskell, M.G. (2018). Sleep preserves original and distorted memory traces. Cortex, 99, 39-44.

Shanahan, L.K., Gjorgieva, E., Paller, K.A., Kahnt, T., & Gottfried, J.A. (2018). Odor-evoked category reactivation in human ventromedial prefrontal cortex during sleep promotes memory consolidation. eLife 7:e39681.
*Commentary on this article: Rasch, B. (2018). Memory formation: Let's replay. eLife, 7:e43832.


Antony, J.W., & Paller, K.A. (2017). Using oscillating sounds to induce sleep spindles. Sleep 40: zsw068.

Antony, J.W., & Paller, K.A. (2017). Hippocampal contributions to declarative memory consolidation during sleep. In D. Hannula & M. Duff (Eds.), The Hippocampus from Cells to Systems. Springer/Nature.

Batterink, L.J. (2017). Rapid statistical learning supporting word extraction from continuous speech. Psychological Science, DOI: 10.1177/0956797617698226

Batterink, L.J., & Paller, K.A. (2017). Online neural monitoring of statistical learning. Cortex, 90, 31-45.

Batterink, L.J., & Paller, K.A. (2017). Sleep-based memory processing facilitates grammatical generalization: Evidence from targeted memory reactivation. Brain and Language, 167, 83-93.

Batterink, L.J., Westerberg, C., & Paller, K.A. (2017). Vocabulary learning benefits from REM after slow-wave sleep. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 144, 102-113.

Paller, K.A. (2017). Sleeping in a Brave New World: Opportunities for improving learning and clinical outcomes through Targeted Memory Reactivation. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 532-537.

Paller, K.A. (2017). Do elves clean your brain while you sleep. LiveScience.

Papalambros, N.A., Santostasi, G., Malkani, R.G., Braun, R., Weintraub, S., Paller, K.A., & Zee, P.C. (2017). Acoustic enhancement of sleep slow oscillations and concomitant memory improvement in older adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11, 109. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00109

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A., (2017). Biology of memory. In B.J. Sadock, V.A. Sadock, & P. Ruiz (Eds.), Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 10th ed (pp. 728-744). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Press.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2017). Neural substrates of remembering: Event-related potential studies. In H. Eichenbaum (Ed.), Memory Systems, Vol. 3 of Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, Second Edition. (J. Byrne, Ed.). Oxford: Elsevier Press.


Batterink, L.J., Creery, J.D., & Paller, K.A. (2016). Phase of spontaneous slow oscillations during sleep influences memory-related processing of auditory cues. Journal of Neuroscience, 36, 1401-1409.

Batterink, L.J., Cheng, L.Y., & Paller, K.A. (2016). Neural measures reveal implicit learning during language processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28, 1636-1649.

Batterink, L.J., & Paller, K.A. (2016). Picking up patterns in language: Implicit learning helps guide the acquisition of linguistic rules and regularities. Psychological Science Agenda: APA Science Brief.

Bharani, K.L., Paller, K.A., Reber, P.J., Weintraub, S., Yanar, J., & Morrison, R.G. (2016). Compensatory processing during rule-based category learning in older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 23, 304-326.

Cairney, S.A., Lindsay, S., Sobczak, J.M., Paller, K.A., & Gaskell, M.G. (2016). The benefits of targeted memory reactivation for consolidation in sleep are contingent on memory accuracy and direct cue-memory associations. Sleep, 39, 1139-1150.

Honma, M., Plass, J., Brang, D., Florczak, S.M., Grabowecky, M.F., & Paller, K.A. (2016). Sleeping on the rubber-hand illusion: Memory reactivation during sleep facilitates multisensory recalibration. Neuroscience of Consciousness, 1, niw020 doi: 10.1093/nc/niw020.

Ong, J.L., Lo, J.C., Chee, N.I.Y.N., Santosasi, G., Paller, K.A., Zee, P.C., & Chee, M.W.L. (2016). Effects of phase-locked acoustic stimulation during a nap on EEG spectra and declarative memory consolidation. Sleep Medicine, 20, 88-97.

Santostasi, G., Malkani, R., Reidner, B., Bellesi, M., Tononi, G., Paller, K.A., & Zee, P.C. (2016). Phase-locked loop for precisely timed acoustic stimulation during sleep. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 259, 101-114.


Batterink, L.J., Reber, P.J., Neville, H.J., & Paller, K.A. (2015). Implicit and explicit contributions to statistical learning. Journal of Memory and Language, 83, 62-78.

Batterink, L.J., Reber, P.J., & Paller, K.A. (2015). Functional differences between statistical learning with and without explicit training. Learning & Memory, 22, 544-556..

Creery, J.D., Oudiette, D., Antony, J.W., & Paller, K.A. (2015). Targeted memory reactivation during sleep depends on prior learning. Sleep, 38, 755-763.

Hu, X., Antony, J.W., Creery, J.D., Vargas, I.M. Bodenhausen, G.V., & Paller, K.A. (2015). Unlearning implicit social biases during sleep. Science, 348, 1013-1015.
Commentary by Gordon B. Feld and Jan Born, Exploiting sleep to modify bad attitudes, Science 29 May 2015: 971-972.

Paller, K.A., Creery, J.D., Florczak, S.M., Reber, P.J., Mesulam, M.-M., Weintraub, S., Morhardt, D., O'Hara, M., Kiragu, J., Rooks, J., Gigler, K.L., Molony, J.M., Safron, A., & Maslar, M. (2015). Benefits of mindfulness training for patients with progressive cognitive decline and their caregivers. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias, 30, 257-267.
Video of a mindfuless workshop, demonstrating some of the methods used in this research

Morrison, R.G., Reber, P.J., Bharani, K.L., & Paller, K.A. (2015). Dissociation of category-learning systems via brain potentials. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 389. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00389

Westerberg, C.E., Florczak, S.M., Weintraub, S., Mesulam, M.-M., Marshall, L., Zee, P.C., & Paller, K.A. (2015). Memory improvement via low-frequency stimulation during sleep in older adults. Neurobiology of Aging, 36, 2577-2586.


Batterink, L.J., Oudiette, D., Reber, P.J., & Paller, K.A. (2014). Sleep facilitates learning a new linguistic rule. Neuropsychologia, 65, 169-179.

Paller, K.A., & Suzuki, S. (2014a). The source of consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences [Science & Society], 18, 387-389.

Commentary from Block et al. and our response - Consciousness science: Real progress and lingering misconceptions, by Ned Block, David Carmel, Stephen M. Fleming, Robert W. Kentridge, Christof Koch, Victor A.F. Lamme, Hakwan Lau, and David Rosenthal

Paller, K.A., & Suzuki, S. (2014b). Response to Block et al.: First-person perspectives are both necessary and troublesome for consciousness science. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 557-558.

Why being conscious is a barrier to understanding consciousness (29 July 2014) by Paller & Suzuki, The Conversation, UK.

Oudiette, D., Antony, J.W., & Paller, K.A. (2014). Fear not: Manipulating sleep might help you forget. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 3-4.

Suzuki, S., Grabowecky, M., & Paller, K.A. (2014). Neuronal and neural-population mechanisms of voluntary visual-spatial attention. In G.R. Mangun (Ed.), Electrophysiology of Attention and Cognition: Signals of the Mind (pp. 30-44). Elsevier. Available upon request.

Xiao, X., Lucas, H.D., Paller, K.A., Ding, J.-H., & Guo, C. (2014). Retrieval intention modulates the effects of directed forgetting instructions on recollection. PLOS-One, 9(8): e104701.


Paller, K.A., & Suzuki, S. (2013). Consciousness. In R. Biswas-Diener & E. Diener (Eds), NOBA Textbook Series: Psychology Champaign, IL: DEF Publishers.

Lucas, H.D., & Paller, K.A. (2013). Manipulating letter fluency for words alters electrophysiological correlates of recognition memory. NeuroImage, 83, 849-861.

Oudiette, D., Antony, J.W., Creery, J.C., & Paller, K.A. (2013). The role of memory reactivation during wakefulness and sleep in determining which memories endure. Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 6672-6678.

Oudiette, D., & Paller, K.A. (2013). Upgrading the sleeping brain with targeted memory reactivation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 142-149.

Oudiette, D., Santostasi, G., & Paller, K.A. (2013). Reinforcing rhythms in the sleeping brain with a computerized metronome. Neuron, 78, 413-415.

Sweeny, T.D., Suzuki, S., Grabowecky, M., & Paller, K.A. (2013). Detecting and discriminating fleeting emotions in faces. Emotion, 13, 76-91.

Westerberg, C.E., Mayes, A.R., Florczak, S.M., Chen, Y., Creery, J., Parrish, T., Weintraub, S., Mesulam, M.-M., Reber, P.J., & Paller, K.A. (2013). Distinct medial temporal contributions to different forms of recognition in amnestic mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychologia, 51, 2450-2461.

Hou, M., Safron, A., Paller, K.A., & Guo, C. (2013). Neural correlates of familiarity and conceptual fluency in a recognition test with ancient pictographic characters. Brain Research, 1518, 48-60.

Mossbridge, J., Grabowecky, M., Paller, K.A., & Suzuki, S. (2013). Neural activity tied to reading predicts individual differences in text comprehension. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 655. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00655


Antony, J.W., Gobel, E.W., O'Hare, J.K., Reber, P.J., & Paller, K.A. (2012). Cued memory reactivation during sleep influences skill learning, Nature Neuroscience, 15, 1114-1116.       Supplementary Information       Movie showing the music task

Bridge, D.J., & Paller, K.A. (2012). Neural correlates of reactivation and retrieval-induced distortion. Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 12144-12151.

Hauner, K.K.Y, Mineka, S., Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2012). Exposure therapy produces lasting restructuring of neural responses to fear. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109, 9203-9208.       Supporting Information

Hurley, R.S., Paller, K.A., Rogalski, E., & Mesulam, M.-M. (2012). Neural mechanisms of object naming and word comprehension in primary progressive aphasia. Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 4848-4855.

Lucas, H.D., Taylor, J.R., Henson, R.N.A., & Paller, K.A. (2012). Many processes lead to recognition: Electrophysiological correlates of familiarity derived from short-term masked repetition. Neuropsychologia, 50, 3041-3052.

Paller, K.A., Lucas, H.D., & Voss, J.L. (2012). Assuming too much from 'familiar' brain potentials. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6, 313-315.

van Dongen, E.V., Takashima, A., Barth, M., Schad, L.R., Zapp, J., Paller, K.A., & Fernandez, G. (2012). Memory stabilization with targeted reactivation during human slow-wave sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109, 10575-10580.       Supporting Information

Vargas, I.M., Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2012). Recognition based on lateralized perceptual fluency. Brain Sciences, 2, 22-32.

Voss, J.L., Federmeier, K.D., & Paller, K.A. (2012). The potato chip really does look like Elvis! Neural hallmarks of conceptual processing associated with finding novel shapes subjectively meaningful. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 2354-2364.

Voss, J.L., Lucas, H.D., & Paller, K.A. (2012). More than a feeling: Pervasive influences of memory processing without awareness of remembering. Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 193-207.
With nine commentaries (by Eichenbaum; Taylor & Henson; Cleary; Ryan; Wang & Yonelinas; Dew & Cabeza; Stark; Hayes & Verfaellie; Wilding & Evans) and reply to commentaries:
Lucas, H.D., Paller, K.A., & Voss, J.L. (2012). On the pervasive influences of implicit memory. Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 219-226.

Westerberg, C.E., Mander, B.A., Florczak, S.M., Weintraub, S., Mesulam, M.-M., Zee, P.C. & Paller, K.A. (2012). Concurrent impairments in sleep and memory in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 18, 490-500.

Westerberg, C.E., Voss, J.L., Reber, P.J., & Paller, K.A. (2012). Medial temporal contributions to successful face-name learning. Human Brain Mapping, 33, 1717-1726.


Kim, Y.-J., Grabowecky, M., Paller, K.A., & Suzuki, S. (2011). Differential roles of frequency-following and frequency-doubling visual responses revealed by evoked neural harmonics. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 1875-1886.

Lucas, H.D., Chiao, J.Y., & Paller, K.A. (2011). Why some faces won't be remembered: Brain potentials illuminate successful versus unsuccessful encoding for same-race and other-race faces. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5:20. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00020.
Commentary on this article by Kubota and Senholzi (2011)
Commentary on this article by Schweinberger and Wiese (2011)

Westerberg, C.E., Miller, B.B., Reber, P.J., Cohen, N.J., & Paller, K.A. (2011). Neural correlates of contextual cueing are modulated by an explicit learning strategy. Neuropsychologia, 49, 3439-3447.


Bridge, D.J., Chiao, J.Y., & Paller, K.A. (2010). Emotional context at learning systematically biases memory for facial information. Memory & Cognition, 38, 125-133.

Lucas, H.D., Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2010). Familiarity or conceptual priming? Good question! Comment on Stenberg, Hellman, Johansson, and Rosen. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 615-617.

Mander, B.A., Reid, K.J., Baron, K.G., Tjoa, T., Parrish, T.B., Paller, K.A., Gitelman, D.R., & Zee, P.C. (2010). EEG measures index neural and cognitive recovery from sleep deprivation. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 2686-2693.

Voss, J.L., Lucas, H.D., & Paller, K.A. (2010). Conceptual priming and familiarity: Two different expressions of memory during recognition testing with distinct neurophysiological correlates. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 2638-2651.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2010). Real-time neural signals of perceptual priming with unfamiliar geometric shapes. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 9181-9188.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2010). What makes recognition without awareness appear to be elusive? Strategic factors that influence the accuracy of guesses. Learning & Memory, 17, 460-468.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2010). Bridging divergent neural models of recognition memory: Introduction to the special issue and commentary on key issues. Hippocampus, , 20, 1171-1177.

Voss, J.L., Schendan, H.E., & Paller, K.A. (2010). Finding meaning in novel geometric shapes influences electrophysiological correlates of repetition and dissociates perceptual and conceptual priming. Neuroimage, 49, 2879-2889.

Westerberg, C.E., Lundgren, E.M., Florczak, S.M., Mesulam, M.-M., Weintraub, S., Zee, P.C., & Paller, K.A. (2010). Sleep influences the severity of memory disruption in Mild Cognitive Impairment: Results from sleep self-assessment and continuous activity monitoring. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 24, 325-333.


Chen, J.C.W., Li, W., Liu, M., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Frontal brain potentials index conceptual implicit memory for words initially viewed subliminally. Brain Research, 1285, 135-147.

Hurley, R.S., Paller, K.A., Wieneke, C.A., Weintraub, S., Thompson, C.K., Federmeier, K.D., & Mesulam, M.-M. (2009). Electrophysiology of object naming in primary progressive aphasia. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 15762-15769.

Morrison, R.G., Reber, P., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Dissociation of category-learning mechanisms via brain potentials. Proceedings of the Thirty-First Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 3076-3081). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Paller, K.A. (2009). Afterword to The Brain Advantage, by Madeleine Van Hecke, Lisa Callahan, Brad Kolar, and Ken A. Paller. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.

Paller, K.A. (2009). Memory consolidation: systems. In L.R. Squire, Editor-in-Chief, Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 741-749). Oxford: Academic Press.

Paller, K.A., Voss, J.L., & Westerberg, C.E. (2009). Investigating the awareness of remembering. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 185-199.

Rudoy, J.D., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Who can you trust? Behavioral and neural differences between perceptual and memory-based influences. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 3:16.
Commentary on our paper by Beer et al., 2010, Frontiers in Neuroscience, 4:16.

Rudoy, J.D., Voss, J.L., Westerberg, C.E., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Strengthening individual memories by reactivating them during sleep. Science, 326, 1079, with supporting online material.

Rudoy, J.D., Weintraub, S., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Recall of remote episodic memories can appear deficient because of a gist-based retrieval orientation. Neuropsychologia, 47, 938-941.

Sweeny, T.D., Grabowecky, M., Paller, K.A., & Suzuki, S. (2009). Within-hemifield averaging of facial expressions predicted by neural averaging. Journal of Vision, 9, 2, 1-11,, doi:10.1167/9.3.2

Sweeny, T.D., Grabowecky, M., Suzuki, S., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Long-lasting effects of subliminal affective priming from facial expressions. Consciousness & Cognition, 18, 929-938.

Voss, J.L., Hauner, K.K.Y., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Evidence for a direct relationship between repetition suppression in human perirhinal cortex and priming. Hippocampus, 19, 773–778.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2009). An electrophysiological signature of unconscious recognition memory. Nature Neuroscience, 12, 349-355.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Recognition without awareness in humans and its implications for animal models of episodic memory. Communicative & Integrative Biology, 2, E-publication at

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2009). Remembering and knowing: Electrophysiological distinctions at encoding but not retrieval. Neuroimage, 46, 280-289.


Li, W., Paller, K.A., & Zinbarg, R.E. (2008). Conscious intrusion of threat information via unconscious priming in anxiety. Cognition and Emotion, 22, 44-62.

Li, W., Zinbarg, R.E., Boehm, S.G., & Paller, K.A. (2008). Neural and behavioral evidence for affective priming from unconsciously perceived emotional facial expressions and the influence of trait anxiety. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 95-107.

Voss, J.L., Baym, C.L., & Paller, K.A. (2008). Accurate forced-choice recognition without awareness of memory retrieval. Learning & Memory, 15, 454-459.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2008). Neural substrates of remembering: Electroencephalographic studies. In H. Eichenbaum (Ed.), Memory Systems (pp. 79-98), Vol. 3 of Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, 4 vols. (J. Byrne, Ed.). Oxford: Elsevier Press.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2008). Brain substrates of implicit and explicit memory: The importance of concurrently acquired neural signals of both memory types. Neuropsychologia, 46, 3021-3029.

Voss, J.L., Reber, P.J., Mesulam, M.-M., Parrish, T.B., & Paller, K.A. (2008). Familiarity and conceptual priming with faces engage distinct cortical networks. Cerebral Cortex, 18, 1712-1719.


Kim, Y.J., Grabowecky, M., Paller, K.A., Muthu, K., & Suzuki, S. (2007). Visual spatial attention induces synchronization-based multiplicative response gain in steady-state visual evoked potentials. Nature Neuroscience, 10, 117-125.

Li, W., Moallem, I., Paller, K.A., & Gottfried, J.A. (2007). Unconscious smells can guide social preferences. Psychological Science, 18, 1044-1049.

Li, W., Zinbarg, R.E., & Paller, K.A. (2007). Trait anxiety modulates supraliminal and subliminal threat: Brain potential evidence for early and late processing influences. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 25-36.

Paller, K.A., Boehm, S.G., & Voss, J.L. (2007). Validating neural correlates of familiarity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11, 243-250.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2007). Neural correlates of conceptual implicit memory and their contamination of putative neural correlates of explicit memory. Learning & Memory, 14, 259-267.


Boehm, S.G., Klostermann, E.C., & Paller, K.A. (2006). Neural correlates of perceptual contributions to nondeclarative memory for faces. Neuroimage, 30, 1021-1029.

Boehm, S.G., Klostermann, E.C., Sommer, W., & Paller, K.A. (2006). Dissociating perceptual and representation-based contributions to priming of face recognition. Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 163-174.

Boehm, S.B., & Paller, K.A. (2006). Do I know you? Insights into memory for faces from brain potentials. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 37, 322-329.

Guo, C., Duan, L., Li, W., & Paller, K.A. (2006). Distinguishing source memory and item memory: Brain potentials at encoding and retrieval. Brain Research, 1118, 142-154.

Paller, K.A. (2006). Binding memory fragments together to form declarative memories depends on cross-cortical storage. In H.D. Zimmer, A. Mecklinger, & U. Lindenberger (Eds.), Binding in Human Memory: A Neurocognitive Approach (pp. 527-544). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2006). Fluent conceptual processing and explicit memory for faces are electrophysiologically distinct. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 926-933.

Westerberg, C.E., Paller, K.A., Weintraub, S., Mesulam, M.-M, Holdstock, J.S., Mayes, A.R., & Reber, P.J. (2006). When memory does not fail: Familiarity-based recognition in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychology, 20, 193-205.


Guo, C., Voss, J.L., & Paller, K.A. (2005). Electrophysiological correlates of forming memories for faces, names, and face-name associations. Cognitive Brain Research, 22, 153-164.

Yovel, G., Levy, J., & Paller, K.A. (2005). A whole face is more than the sum of its halves: Interactive processing in face perception. Visual Cognition, 12, 337-352.


Gonsalves, B., Reber, P.J., Gitelman, D.R., Parrish, T.B., Mesulam, M.-M., & Paller, K.A. (2004). Neural evidence that vivid imagining can lead to false remembering. Psychological Science, 15, 655-660.

Paller, K.A. (2004). Electrical signals of memory and of the awareness of remembering. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 49-55.

Paller, K.A., & Voss, J.L. (2004). Memory reactivation and consolidation during sleep. Learning & Memory, 11, 664-670.

Yovel, G., & Paller, K.A. (2004). The neural basis of the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon: When a face seems familiar but is not remembered. NeuroImage, 21, 789-800.


Hooker, C.I., Paller, K.A., Gitelman, D.R., Parrish, T.B., Mesulam, M.-M., & Reber, P.J. (2003). Brain networks for analyzing eye gaze. Cognitive Brain Research, 17, 406-418.

Paller, K.A., Hutson, C.A., Miller, B.B., & Boehm, S.G. (2003). Neural manifestations of remembering with and without awareness. Neuron, 38, 507-516.

Paller, K.A., Ranganath, C., Gonsalves, B., LaBar, K.S., Parrish, T.B., Gitelman, D.R., Mesulam, M.-M., & Reber, P.J. (2003). Neural correlates of person recognition. Learning & Memory, 10, 253-260. [Commentary by Whalen (2003)]

Yovel, G., Levy, J., Grabowecky, M., & Paller, K.A. (2003). Neural correlates of right-hemisphere superiority in face perception appear at multiple stages of face processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15, 462-474.


Gonsalves, B., & Paller, K.A. (2002). Mistaken memories: Remembering events that never happened. The Neuroscientist, 8, 391-395.

Paller, K.A. (2002). Cross-cortical consolidation as the core defect in amnesia: Prospects for hypothesis-testing with neuropsychology and neuroimaging. In: L.R. Squire and D.L. Schacter (Eds.), The Neuropsychology of Memory (3rd ed., pp. 73-87). New York: Guilford Press.

Paller, K.A., & McCarthy, G. (2002). Field potentials in the human hippocampus during the encoding and recognition of visual stimuli. Hippocampus, 12, 415-420.

Paller, K.A., & Wagner, A.D. (2002). Observing the transformation of experience into memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6, 93-102.

Reber, P.J., Siwiec, R.M., Gitelman, D.R., Parrish, T.B., Mesulam, M.-M., & Paller, K.A. (2002). Neural correlates of successful encoding identified using fMRI. Journal of Neuroscience, 22, 9541-9548.


Paller, K.A. (2001). Neurocognitive foundations of human memory. In: D.L. Medin (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 40 (pp. 121-145). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.


Gonsalves, B., & Paller, K.A. (2000). Brain potentials associated with recollective processing of spoken words. Memory & Cognition, 28, 321-330.

Gonsalves, B., & Paller, K.A. (2000). Neural events that underlie remembering something that never happened. Nature Neuroscience, 3, 1316-1321.

Paller, K.A., Gonsalves, B., Grabowecky, M., Bozic, V.S., & Yamada, S. (2000). Electrophysiological correlates of recollecting faces of known and unknown individuals. NeuroImage, 11, 98-110.

Before 2000

Paller, K.A., Bozic, V.S., Ranganath, C., Grabowecky, M., & Yamada, S. (1999). Brain waves following remembered faces index conscious recollection. Cognitive Brain Research, 7, 559-571.

Ranganath, C., & Paller, K.A. (1999). Frontal brain potentials during recognition are modulated by requirements to retrieve perceptual detail. Neuron, 22, 605-613. [Reviewed by Donaldson and Buckner (1999)]

Paller, K.A., & Gross, M. (1998). Brain potentials associated with perceptual priming versus explicit remembering during the repetition of visual word-form. Neuropsychologia, 36, 559-571.

Paller, K.A., Kutas, M., & McIsaac, H.K. (1998). An electrophysiological measure of priming of visual word-form. Consciousness and Cognition, 7, 54-66.

Joyce, C.A., Paller, K.A., McIsaac, H.K., & Kutas, M. (1998). Memory changes with normal aging: Behavioral and electrophysiological measures. Psychophysiology, 35, 669-678.

Paller, K.A. (1997). Consolidating dispersed neocortical memories: The missing link in amnesia. Memory, 5, 73-88.

Paller, K.A., Acharya, A., Richardson, B.C., Plaisant, O., Shimamura, A.P., Reed, B.R., & Jagust, W.J. (1997). Functional neuroimaging of cortical dysfunction in alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 277-293.

Paller, K.A., Kutas, M., & McIsaac, H.K. (1995). Monitoring conscious recollection via the electrical activity of the brain. Psychological Science, 6, 107-111.

Paller, K.A. (1994). The neural substrates of cognitive event-related potentials: A review of animal models of P3. In H.J. Heinze, T.F. Muente, and G.R. Mangun (Eds.), Cognitive Electrophysiology: ERPs in Basic and Clinical Research (pp. 300-333). Cambridge, MA: Birkhauser Press.

Paller, K.A., & Kutas, M. (1992). Brain potentials during memory retrieval provide neurophysiological support for the distinction between conscious recollection and priming. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 4, 375-391.

Paller, K.A., Mayes, A.R., Thompson, K.M., Young, A.W., Roberts, J., & Meudell, P.R. (1992). Priming of face matching in amnesia. Brain and Cognition, 18, 46-59.

Paller, K.A., McCarthy, G., Roessler, E., Allison, T., & Wood, C.C. (1992). Potentials evoked in human and monkey medial temporal lobe during auditory and visual oddball paradigms. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 84, 269-279.

Paller, K.A., Mayes, A.R., McDermott, M., Pickering, A.D., & Meudell, P.R. (1991). Indirect measures of memory in a duration-judgement task are normal in amnesic patients. Neuropsychologia, 29, 1007-1018.

Paller, K.A. (1990). Recall and stem-completion priming have different electrophysiological correlates and are modified differentially by directed forgetting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 16, 1021-1032.

Paller, K.A., McCarthy, G., & Wood, C.C. (1988). ERPs predictive of subsequent recall and recognition performance. Biological Psychology, 26, 269-276.

Paller, K.A., Zola-Morgan, S., Squire, L.R., & Hillyard, S.A. (1988). P3-like brain waves in normal monkeys and in monkeys with medial temporal lesions. Behavioral Neuroscience, 102, 714-725.

Paller, K.A., Kutas, M., & Mayes, A.R. (1987). Neural correlates of encoding in an incidental learning paradigm. Psychophysiology, 67, 360-371.

Paller, K.A., Kutas, M., Shimamura, A., & Squire, L.R. (1987). Brain responses to concrete and abstract words reflect processes that correlate with later performance on a test of stem-completion priming. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology (Supplement), 40, 360-365.

Paller, K., & Shapiro, D. (1983). Systolic blood pressure and a simple reaction time task. Psychophysiology, 20, 585-590.